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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  February 19, 2015 4:00pm-6:01pm EST

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the agenda was tailored to fit the interests and needs of the community. with translators. we learned is critical not to be seen as playing favorites. we let everyone know we would be working with the entire we hired the first sworn deputy sheriff in minnesota. we added a somali community member in our community engagement team. he works to build relationships between the community and my office. example of our new level of engagement, a woman assisted us in adopting a new policy on religious head coverings in our jail. this is one way for my office to show we are asking. with the guidance, one of the most important members of our engagement team is me. this is not a job that delegates
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to someone else, but a responsibility shared throughout the entire agency. in the coming year, the mom and i will host a series of meetings to assess the prior press of this program as we together address the root causes of radicalization. thank you. >> thank you. the minneapolis police chief has been building hard to of this program as build relationships in the community. >> it is an honor to be here today. it is essential that the somali community feel protected. we have worked hard to make our department more representative of the community. we have five officers who have done a tremendous job. we only have five. they cannot be everywhere, so they have build opened doors for the rest of the department. i have introduced other officers for the community and taught us
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how to build credibility. they are working with law enforcement nationally and internationally. recently, an officer and a sergeant travel to toronto to train law enforcement there on somali culture. i believe police officers are community leaders. i began working with the police executive research forum and the bureau of justice assistance. together we began working on a procedural justice and police legitimacy initiative. procedural justice is comprised of four elements. voice, when police use justice
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they provide members with the opportunity to voice their concern or sides. neutrality. they respond with a neutral position and apply rules consistently. respect. we treat each member of the community with respect. they demonstrate they are trustworthy to their actions and words. we are building confidence with the police, but the police and justice system work to prevent crime. as part of the minneapolis-saint paul police department we continue our procedural justice initiative. the lessons learned from this initiative will create a model to build community relationships while at the same time reducing crime. thank you. >> our pilot program takes us from engagement to solutions -- >>[applause] thank you. our pilot program takes us from engagement to solutions to the root causes of radicalization. next up will be our community
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and local partners. we will start with hodan h assan. >> good morning. i am a mental health professional from minneapolis. as a muslim american, the issue we are here to talk about today is -- my family has been directly affected by extremism. my nieces were at the mall when terrorists attacked the mall in 2013. one of them suffered major injuries and we are still struggling with accepting this fact. i'm a bit nervous, so excuse me. from a mental health perspective, we have too many individuals who struggle with identity issues and confusion of not being american enough. there is an internal struggle of what it means to be american as
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well as what it means to be somali. especially in the -- generation. this is made worse by the general -- of those who immigrated here and those who are born here. the experience of this generation growing up means to be american as well as what it means to be is -- and it includes and is not limited to language and cultural differences. we have huge gaps in education and employment, which pushes youth to the far end of the table as they feel less important. last but not least, the fear of law enforcement still remains a concern, even though some of the minnesota law enforcement have worked hard to bridge this gap. this identity of issues in identity crisis is the root cause of -- one of that root causes of radicalization in minnesota. it as part of the program, the plan is to work with moderates
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community organizations, school officials, dental health professionals, and religious leaders to address the early warning signs and find the appropriate help for these youth. the initiative of this project will be community led and the emphasis will be in an empowering the community do use resources to help it be solved. thank you. >> thank you. councilmember? >> i am the council member representing ward six area of the city of minneapolis. let me describe, ward 6 has the highest concentration of immigrants in minneapolis as well as the highest concentration of muslim americans. it is home to the largest somali-american population in the united states, and it is an area that reflects changing demographics. ward six is a low-income
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working-class community. i believe a major component addressing the issue of the root cause of radicalization is lack of opportunities and lack of jobs. jobs are absolutely central to improve -- -- essential to improving somali-community rights. increased employment will give new opportunities to the next generation. building community capacity helps alleviate issues of unemployment and underemployment, a lack of home ownership, and poverty. what my community, the somali-community america community needs today, as no less than a marshall plan. this is what we are working on building. at city hall and on this project, a plan includes extending skill sets, workforce development, and job training
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with placement programs intended to significantly increase the number of jobs available to the community. as part of the pilot program, we are working together with federal state, and local governments and local contracting agencies to increase job opportunities for the somali-american community. we are working to open a workforce development at the heart of the cedar river neighborhood which is a central somali-american community. we're hosting job fairs working with cbp and we just had a job fair that was designed for the minnesota he somali -american community. many in our audience are working for the government and law enforcement agencies. we also support the hard work
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that the minneapolis please apartment is doing -- police department is doing with recruitment efforts from our community. i firmly believe that creating more jobs and opening opportunities allows the somali-americans equal access to the american dream. thank you. >> courtney kiernat will now describe a program that the minneapolis public schools are working on. >> we are starting a youth worker intervention model which has been effective in other parts of minneapolis as well as three of our current high schools. you will hire and train youth workers from the community to bridge the gap between youth and the school system. these workers will spend time in the lunch room and non-classroom settings, building relationships and trust that school that carry into the community. they will provide connections and continuity during school and after school.
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well-trade community representatives, working in the school system, help spot identity issues. parents need to feel comfortable raising concerns with their children at the school and in community levels. our intervention model will bring trade youth workers together with parents and mental health professionals to address identity issues and disaffection at school, root causes of radicalization. >> our final speakers begin with mohamad farah. >>ka joog is a somali term meaning to stay away. our mission is to focus youth toward higher education, civic involvement, and volunteer commitment. ka jaooog helps youth by
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providing outlets to the arts and education. i would like to highlight some of our programs. our invisible art program is a traditional somali arts club that provides education and pyramid ring. we use the arts as a tool of engagement to empower and encourage youth. our other school program is focusing on increasing school attendance by addressing early warning signs of somali youth. we will be part of the minneapolis intervention program that was described, and we will work toward a similar model in st. paul. another program includes leadership building and learning. it includes 4h club. we send groups of somali groups to you soon -- to yellowstone
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park. during coming year, we will expand our focus in all these areas so we can reach more somali youth. we are committed very much to working with our community and government partners to break the cycle of recruiting and radicalization. we view this program as a unique opportunity to engage our youth and positive programs, providing more opportunities, or outlets and more connections or somali youth which will help break the cycle that has drawn too many of our friends and relatives to a life of terror. >> good morning. my name is mohamaed jama. i am the cofounder of a council that represents kids in the neighborhood. the kids in my neighborhood have many issues to overcome.
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these issues include lack of afterschool programs. many of the kids lack a father or male figure in the house. we have trouble with crime. there is a high number of unemployment and because we come from a fragile state there's a lot of distrust in government. many of the things we have talked about today, the root causes, are facing kids in my neighborhood. there is a lot of passion, a lot of pride, and a lot of success. a lot of the success is arts to succeed. -- success is the desire to succeed. so the council is working with the pilot projects on a number of issues. one of the things we have told to the u.s. attorney is we need more mentors for our youth. many of them do not have opportunity or do not know what is available to them outside of the neighborhood.
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we have many mentors in our community without resources. for example, our coach. he runs a soccer program for low-income youth. he needs more resources. he has no money to run his soccer program. we need more people like coach. he is a trusted mentor, and this one aspect of the pilot project we have decided to work with him on. we also want to hear more from our religious leaders. we're going to host our own summit and talk about religion and other issues that kids are facing and advice that will be needed. we want to hold these summit in our neighborhood. we will be part of an intervention team that many people have discussed. it's in my neighborhood need to know who to turn to and who to get help from. there will be this program will be run by the community for this community. for as long as we have talked about the problems, now is the
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time to act, and we are proud to be part of this pilot project. >> so we will finish with a spoken word performance by abdi "phenomenal" fatah. >> our communities have been -- [indiscernible] to this pilot program we will canter extreme it is -- extremism through initiatives. [indiscernible] this represents an opportunity for our community to change the narrative. [indiscernible]
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is an example of the lives of the youth. they are called -- we live, we breathe with our -- [indiscernible] caught in the sense of our james being broken, the youth have no choice -- [indiscernible] peace on one hand, and freedom on the other. what is the difference between -- [indiscernible] i said what is the difference between -- [indiscernible] it is between not being able to see and close the door of
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opportunity -- [indiscernible] thank you. [applause] >> as you know, the first elected muslim-american in america comes from my hometown, my congressman and good friend keith ellison. >> thanks so much for your work today and the work you have been doing in minneapolis. also much thanks to our community panel who i am so proud of and our local law enforcement members who did an excellent job, and our imams. thank you for your spiritual leadership and everything that you do. yeah that's right. [applause] and our senators, who are so
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very well engaged. we are here to discuss countering violent extremism. in order to counter the violent extremists we have to understand what the violent extremist is saying. what is their case? phenomenal alluded to it, saying out about a saying come get some action come do something right? the violent extremist argument is that america is at war with islam and muslims. we have got to start with that idea in mind. that is their case, that is their argument. all people in the room know this is absolutely false. the united states either favors or is against any religious community. we have a freedom of religion, and any muslim in the united states cap to you that you can practice islam more freely here than anywhere in the world including any muslim-majority
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country. [applause] so when the violent extremist makes the case that america is at war with islam and muslims we have to assert that this is not true, not just to the word, but in deed. and elected public officials who can engage their commim unity, that counters the message. that counters the argument that america is at war with islam. when young people like mohammed can't operate and organize -- can operate and organize in their community, that counters the false narrative and they can engage and organize. hiring, police officers who are muslim, show that this case that
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america is at war with islam is a lie and not true. so the real thing is we have got to be engaged. these promises of america, the problem, the reason we are susceptible to violent extremism is we have not deepened opportunity in our country enough. it is true that certainly economic deprivation makes people susceptible to being lured into -- that is a fact. it is also true that not only is it economic deprivation although it is social deprivation and legal deprivation. we have got to make sure that our constitutional framework is scrupulously adhered to. we reinforce the false narrative that america is at war with islam if we appear to violate our own requirements of the constitution regarding surveillance, when we makes surveillance and outreach, a
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very shortsighted thing to do, and i encourage law enforcement to not do it. outreach is important, surveillance is important, and they should be done separately. it is also important when we bear in mind that when cases are constructed based on offering the defendant the means motive, and opportunity to do the crime, that that does not assist things either. it is important that law enforcement prosecute hate crimes against muslims. the violent extremists once to say that they allow people to abuse you. it is important we at least admit that what happened at chapel hill probably was not only about a parking space. [applause] as long as we say it is just parking, this defies our sense of logic in common sense,
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this supports the false narrative of the violent extremists. they want to make the case that america hates you, is against you, join us. not true, and we have to be vocal in asserting that it is not true. if i can get this opportunity to speak to you today, i cannot pass it up without mentioning something that is critically important that is happening right now that law enforcement and community must join together to work on, and that is the fact that on februaryspeak to you today, i cannot pass it up without mentioning something that is critically important that is happening right 6 our financial services system stopped working with somali wiring services to send money to somalia. why is this important? this is important because in the region the violent extremist wants to be -- they will not even let your relatives sayend
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you money. i know between the law enforcement, the financial, the anti--money laundering eanti--money wiring terrorist financing folks, and the people who do development, he can figure out a way to safely send money to somalia. i am telling you now, this is not a good thing can and it runs counter to the efforts we are engaging in right here right now. i support anti-money laundering and antiterrorist financing. it is very important, and i have never met a somali or a muslim who wants al-shabaab or al qaeda or any of these groups to get a penny. we want to stop them from getting anything. [applause] at the same time as we try to stop that added dollar, we're still stopping the good dollars and according some experts over $215 million rose from the united states to somalia in terms of remittances, and if you ask some only families, and everybody at this table can tell
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you, that these remittances pay for school fees, medical things, food, things like this, and when you know that the and the other recruiters will offer a young man a gun, a wife, and a few bucks, it becomes clear how critical it is for us to fix this remittance problem. i am telling you, we have got to do this, and i want to be very clear that i got on a plane and flew two hours here last night and i'm going back today for the sole purpose of telling you and wringing the alarm bell that we must fix this remittance problem. if anything, we have to do no harm. and there are ways to do this. i am working on it now, but we need to figure it out, and i urge you all to leave this place thinking how can we fix the remittance problem. i ask you to do that and i urge you to join me in that. finally, i want to say that it
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is very critical to bear in mind that there is no religion has a monopoly on violent extremism. is critical to point out at this time -- it is critical to point out at this time that we have religious extremists of all kinds. we are here because of muslims that are engaging in violent extremism, and i will concern for them. if any muslim is violating the law and hurting people, and our escrow them. jail them, if you need to. and at the same time you do not want to fall through this frame that telling law violent extremism is only a law enforcement
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problem, and that the problem is simply muslim problem, because we know just from chapel hill the other day, three young people, dental student helping homeless people get good to clear. it was a grand new married young man. his wife and his sister were excellent people, making good contributions to this country. the three victims were living walking, breathing examples of countering violent extremism until their lives were taken away. that us not slip into the mistaken idea that terrorism is somehow a muslim thing. it is not. muslims are victims of it, and muslims help stop it. i was very pleased to be able to tell the story of a person who was a pakistani-american young man who gave his life and died trying to save people in the horrible attack on 9/11 at the
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world trade center. so the best defense to violent extremism is to adhere to carve out, engage community to include community, so that when a young person who is walking around minneapolis, wondering what to two, hearing america is a world with islam, and i cannot send money to my family on the other hand, they are going to encounter a group that say we care about you, and i believe that i would rather have ka jook recruit - i know you agree with me. let's adhere to our values let's engage community let's even and strengthen engagement all throughout our society, work together, and let's understand at the and of the day our country, we are fortunate to say has wonderful, excellent, noble
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values that are time tested the world over, and if we adhere to them, respect the face of all and include more people, we will have a safer, better community. thank you all very much. [applause] >> thank you. i would like to welcome the director of the consortium of terrorism at the university of maryland. >> thank you. i was hoping i do not have to go after the congressman and after phenomenal. that is a tough act to follow.
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congressman, congresswomen distinguished guests, my name is william braniff. i and the executive director of the start consortium. it is based at the university of maryland. we are a multidisciplinary network of scholars seeking to advance education pertaining to terrorism and counterterrorism. when dealing with how we politicize issues come in jeopardy and impair goal data should help inform policy and practice. i would like to present some of our research during the next 10 or 15 minutes in order to understand the research we are having at the summit but >> globally we are experiencing a high number of terrorism incidents. we've completed compiling our 2014 data.
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there is a vast increase from the 11,500 attacks in 2013. on this graph, you see the dramatic rise of total attacks fatal attacks, and mass casualty attacks producing more than 10 they tell of these. this is due to increases in violence in iraq, afghanistan and pakistan. to put this into perspective the other 48% of attacks occurred across 117 countries. isis was the most active group in the first nine months of 2014. they more than doubled their tax -- attacks. unfortunately, both terrorism in
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syria and the empirical research conducted suggests that one of the most important predictors of increased fatalities over time is the existence of rivalries between organizations. as al qaeda and isis are competing for prominence, they will do so through greater levels of violence. this competition can have implications if left unchecked. as al qaeda veterans have moved from conflict to conflict creating many of the hotspots we should expect isis veterans to follow a similar trajectory. instead of bringing with them there attrition strategy, isis veterans will bring sectarian and, competing with al qaeda and its associated movements and seeking to destabilize regimes in a widening conflict. we should be concerned about foreign fighters and not
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because of the possibility of returning home, but they also may exacerbate high levels of violence another comfort zones. with respect to radicalization at home, we should be concerned about this new pattern of proliferation, because just as sentiment brings fighters to syria, every conflict abroad opens new potential mobilization healthways. -- mobilization pathways. importantly, we see not just a rise in al qaeda related incidences, but also elevated levels of the far right extremist radicalization. tourism polar -- terrorism polarizes a society. extremism when an of the spectrum often provoking extremist on the other end.
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we see this in headlines documenting xenophobia in europe , and secretaries and in the middle east. -- and sectarianism in the middle east. with this data set of 1500 individuals across ideologies, we have tested theories for four different radicalization pathways. individual psychological factors or individual expert nations recruitment as represented by the al qaeda manual, social movement. as represented by the -- social movement, as represented by the
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additional data. we found that each of these rag -- radicalization pathways explains some things, but not explain all. efforts have to account for all of the above. as we look into the details in each one of these pathways, we can start to identify patterns that should service red flags for who may engage in violent forms of extremist behavior. the implication is that communities and practitioners can prioritize their limited resources on the highest risqué cases. -- highest risk cases. we started at variable so are radicalization data set, and we started to do this with respect to another growing concern, loan actors -- lone actors.
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in the united states, we see a drastic rise. this is problematic as we see that lone go five-times longer under radar. when we compare these lone actors, we noticed sick -- significant statistical differences great document it behavior and health issues, more likely to radicalize online. there are many pragmatic implications. these characteristics suggest mental health practitioners must be part of the solution within and outside the criminal justice system. friends, families, and educators
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are best ways to identify sudden changes in love once police or behaviors. this graph on acquisition tells a different story than the graph of actual terrorism incidents in the united states back to 1970. in fact, we experienced a very low numbers of successful terrorism attacks in the united states. we have to recognize that most radicalized individuals do not successfully conduct an attack. not all ideological motivator crimes qualify as terrorism. to quantify the threat of the messick found extremism, the data tells us we have to look beyond terrorist attacks and the on al qaeda and its associated movements. let me show you some numbers. between 1990-2013, 155
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ideologically motivated homicides committed by individuals with far right ideologies between 1995-2010 239 arsons and bombing attacks conducted by ecoterrorist groups , 90 presents -- 90% which targeted businesses and homes. there are also 196 failed and for what is is it with al qaeda and assisted movements. thanks to our law enforcement community, these were foiled. 10% were foiled due to tips from the community. this statistic is promising, but research suggests that communities offer more than just serving as the eyes and ears of law enforcement. let me highlight one project in
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minneapolis and st. paul that forms an empirical foundation upon which the minneapolis power program that you just heard about has been built. instead of treating this molly community in the immediate aftermath of the 20 plus individuals who went to fight they were given the microphone and asked what makes them vulnerable and their minds, but what makes the resilient to the threat of violent extremism. the community identified 37 risk factors that they felt increase their vulnerability, which were aggregated into three categories, a mechanical times and spaces, perceived social legitimacy of violence, and contacts with recruiters. the community also identified 45 strength, family capacities, you capacities, and government policies and programs. this means that even the somali community in minneapolis where they were regarded as the least well integrated and highly
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stigmatized, they voice their primary role as family members and community members and they saw a supporting and corroborative role for government. it also reinforces our radicalization research suggesting that it must become rancid dealing not just with the individual factors but also helping communities push back on extend this ideology and that it must include more than just community engagement, but also prevention programming and intervention work. this is just one project. let me provide a few other quick examples. first, it's not because the numbers that i cited earlier instead it is because terrorism tears the fabric of society. organizations that by the mantra , polarized, radicalize, and mobilize. in this country, tears groups target the wedge issues that can unwrap less, race, religion, trusting government, and rule of law, historical identity as an immigrant nation based on ideals
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and not an inherited ethnolinguistic identity. it can be understood as an effort to fill the breach, to bolster the center, and prevent devastating polarizations. second, it is pragmatic. the law enforcement and intelligence communities can't manage the signal-to-noise ratio associate with this issue. as one researcher points out you can survey data, those individuals who espouse believes outnumber those individuals who engage an extra misbehavior by several orders of magnitude. we do not understand the connection between medical police and radical behaviors well enough to allocate our law-enforcement resources effectively. communities are much better placed to filter the signal from the noise and to engage in the prequelwhere radical ideas are debated. three, best practices address all hazards. if forward about gangs drugs child predators radicalization, most programming should negate
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the threat of all these bills. for, because religious talking about the threat of al qaeda related terrorism, it protects every american from all the forms of violent extremism president united states. to give you one example that may see counterintuitive, law enforcement professionals on the front lines were asked about the greatest threat to american society. the law-enforcement community ranked the sovereign citizen movement first, followed by a al qaeda and its assisted movements, and in the militia movements. we understand that violent extremism crosses ideological boundaries. finally, our data suggest that americans think it will work. representative surveys found that approximately 57% of americans are willing to meet with local law enforcement and dhs personnel to discuss these issues. furthermore, those respondents that have a higher degree of confidence in the government's current terrorism efforts were willing to attend these meetings and more willing to report suspicious activity.
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this is just that we can kickstart a virtuous cycle if we build trust and engagement of the committee level. more anecdotally, two years ago an intern walked into my office and said al qaeda does this be for me. i want to start a muslin poppy is a label and i want to promote the kind of islam that i believe in practice. from his idea, we created an undergraduate course called innovation in cv where we take -- teach methodology and empower them to create their own programs inspired by the kinds of programs you heard about earlier. americans are going to change the dialogue. you will see that more and more in our youth. we have challenges that we have to anticipate. one example that draws from the
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research is that 10 years ago violent jihadi blogs were immolated. they struck a much more emotional tone, encouraging do-it-yourself propaganda production. fighters in iraq and syria chronicle their exploits in real-time to the fan bases in the west. in this new paradigm, isis tells us that the powers are no longer to be venerated, it is the men of action. after finding my own personal role model through facebook, instagram, i can rest a one-on-one secure conversations. once i arrive in syria isis may ask that i download their own application which allows isis administrators access to my social media accounts. by doing so, i can circumvent attempts to shut down propaganda
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organs by sinning propaganda to my own personal account. the implication here is that the line between first amendment freedoms of expression, engaging with extremist ideas online, and material support for a designated terrorist organization, providing a group like isis a new and different platform to disseminate their propaganda, they are likely going to blur. as smartphones and social media platforms involved to an extension of our behaviors and not just our thoughts. we have to be prepared to deal with the legal limitations of this, social provisions of this, and there is a lot of work to do. it's my belief that research can help us understand the dynamic major of the threat environment but it can also help us to develop evidence-based approaches to counter violent extremism, which i argue that we don't yet have. we need to understand what works, what doesn't work, and how we can keep our american committee saved them all forms of violent extremes in. thank you. [applause]
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>> before we move on, if you have an interesting next to you, raise your hand. we will make you a new friend. if you see a hand, fill in the seat. we have a couple spots available. i also have the on infield taxes -- task -- the unenviable task of making sure the trains run on time. i'm going to welcome our next panel from los angeles and ask that they are very focused in their presentation and that we all take advantage of the lunch to ask them follow questions. thank you.
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>> good morning. i am the chairman of the young was loan advisory council in los angeles. on behalf of the los angeles delegation and that young moslem community in southern california, i would like to extend intensive gratitude to the administration and to those who worked to put the summit together. as a young, american was on, i see the importance of engaging with our law enforcement partners. los angeles emphasizes
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engagement, trust, collaboration, and partnership with agencies. this establishment of these features have made this a model a model of success. i take great pride in introducing the u.s. attorney of the central district of california, who has accomplished great things in the muslin community. [applause] >> it is a great pleasure to be with you here this morning to introduce the los angeles program. in a few moments, you will see a film that we created to outline our approach, which is built on three prongs, prevention intervention, and interdiction. the video will introduce you to some of the many community members that are part of our collaborative effort that unifies government officials community-based organizations,
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and faith based groups. we utilize this collaborative effort to strengthen the communities and prevent extremist ideological elements from taking root. as the united states attorney for los angeles, i see the justice department is playing a crucial and critical role in balancing the civil rights of individuals with the overarching need of protecting the nation and its citizens from terrorist threats. that balance is of particular importance to me. i am the daughter of a japanese-american, who was forcibly removed to internment camps during world war ii. my father and his family were stripped of all property and all liberty something because they were of japanese descent. as a result of this, i am keenly
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aware of the need to build relationships and trust, to break down the barriers of fear and prejudice, those that take root because of ignorance and lack of knowledge. i went to take a moment to thank ken all rich, the filmmaker who has been working hard with the los angeles team to bring it to you, so that you can see the foundation of the los angeles framework. it is a foundation years in the making, built on open dialogue relationships, and trust. ladies and gentlemen, police enjoy our film. -- please enjoy our film. ♪ >> the population of los angeles is the most diverse, and when i
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said most diverse, it means it is the most of our city in the world. >> violent extremism has impacted our lives. as become a danger for all americans. we have to do with groups like isis, al qaeda. >> power is weakness. it is a disease. >> a few years ago we got to know a community. that is the foundation, getting to know who we are, reaching out. >> our idea is to build a foundation of trust that could lead to talking about future events and other partnership initiatives. >> in essence, everyone needs to come together as we have in the past in dealing with other issues to confront this threat. >> the three areas of our focus
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have been prevention intervention, and interdiction. the intervention is an area where we need work. this is an area that if you look at the gang model of los angeles, the were on gangs didn't work. it did not work arresting our way to cannot arrest our way out of the problem. you cannot declare a war on this type of phenomena. it wasn't until we realized that intervention efforts, where you talked about youth development employment opportunities character development, diversion programs, this is an area that is just right for this phenomenon we are expanding today. >> to find ways to build all friends people who may have it in your mind that it this is what they want to do, but they have not mobilized to violence. >> it is essentially an alternate path for the individual to go down, the community come the mental health resources, the mentors in the community, getting them engaged with some of the youth to assure that they have somebody to talk to and they have someone they
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can try to steer them away from going down that path. >> in the law centers county mental health system, we found that if we are really interested in creating strong recovery, we need to do more than provide treatment. we need to find community support for all aspects of a person's life. >> what were trying to renew and restore is our beautiful behavior in ethics and principles that benefit the community. >> the more engaged we are, the more involved we are with activities and different works interfaith, community awareness, activism, there's a lot of competition and open doors better efforts made to combat these problems. >> i think that interfaith relations are important because we only hear about the extremes of the community, jewish muzzled, christian communities and by virtue of shifting the focus on those willing to build relationships with each other
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and work through difficult moments of conflict, we create a space for that majority in the middle for those moderates to be louder and to overpower those voices on the extreme. >> the role of every faith leader is to guide their flock away from violence and into peace, and specifically what their faith teaches about it and how to do with situations when two people do not agree. >> you can't keep arguing with the young people. we have to facilitate opportunities for them to experience the moslem american identity the differentiates the experience from those around the world, moslems in history, and muslins in the future. -- muslims in history, and
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muslims in the future. >> we started in different modalities, having regular meetings. >> in the social science arena we say as los angeles goes, so goes california, as california goes, so goes the nation. >> the leadership has made the initiative to reach out to the community, get to know us, and to involve us in the process of securing our communities. >> when the lapd implemented the reporting process, there was a huge public outcry. >> it was only through engagement with community groups, civil rights organizations, and law enforcement that we were able to turn a corner. >> when the cheaper 10 -- presented this program to us, we
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met with him and other civil rights groups and said we need five changes in the program. he took those requests, winter lapd, came back, and we were able to reform it so that not only is it adhering to the civil liberties standards of our country, but it became more effective. >> as long as were talking to each other, things will happen. we can change the narratives. >> the role of the u.s. attorney's office in the community engagement process is one of support for our local partners lapd, l.a. county sheriffs, and natalie human rights commission, hoover years of been on the ground establishing relationships with the community based on trusting communication. >> when we talk to each other act together, we break down the barriers that separate us. we find common purpose,, campaigns -- common campaigns and common identity. >> we don't have to go to the
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lapd to help keep an i on members of our community and keep in your out in case there's any copycats or repercussions from that, they came does. they called us. they called several members of the community to make sure that we were doing ok. this type of policing creates an image and concept and an ideal in the communities they serve that you are working together with the police department. they are concerned about your welfare. this is something that the whole country could learn from the lapd. >> the los angeles model, i would like to get it out of los angeles is fast we can. >> we are in this particular part of town, our objective is to revive, renew, restore everything that's good. including mercy compassion, we
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want to revive these -- peace. ♪ [applause] ♪
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>> hello, everyone. i'm the regional director for strategic engagement for the department of homeland security los angeles. a quick note in the video, this is a very difficult short version that we have. we had 25 hours of footage with many other members of the l.a. community, both law enforcement, community, academic, and so we will have that available as well, but this is an eight minute version. there is a longer version that covers a little bit more in detail what the los angeles model covers. my office, the office of strategic in gauge meant, was established in 2011, and it's an effort by the department of homeland security to partner with a locale, in this case the
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city of los angeles, to work with them, work with local stakeholders in strengthening the department's relationships at a local level with faith-based organizations, with many of the folks you see here in the picture and in the video an effort to work together, come around the table mitigate threats to our homeland security. we will get right into a short panel. the video gave us a good foundation to build on. there are a few questions that i will be addressing with the panelists, and i will not go through lengthy introductions. i will start with the questions and give a quick introduction while i'm doing it. the first question will be for sergeant mike. los angeles has been doing it before the federal government really made it a priority. can you expand on what that means for los angeles? >> thank you.
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good morning. it is a pleasure to be here. i think the staff of the white house for inviting us here. that's correct. we have been using it cve within the shirt department jurisdiction. the label that we put on it is not is as important as the work we have done. will for many years. at eight years ago we establish an outreach program to communities and and was communities in los angeles county and all of that with the purpose to build trust strengthen the relationships between the community and law enforcement. trust is the foundation of any program.
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i engaging our communities and developing programs that and if it the community and law enforcement, we have created a true partnership that is based on respect to each other's position and the role in the prevention of any possible extremist ideas in our communities. we believe that education public awareness is the key to achieve that. we have taken the approach of prevention through education. we believe strongly in preventing violent extremism by education and public awareness. we all have a role and responsibility to educate ourselves as law enforcement officers as well as the community that we serve about this threat that we are facing within our community and globally in the world. by creating our unit at the
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sheriff's department, we were able to structure and develop a specific program with the muslin community such as developing a cultural diversity training program for our deputies where we all have to go through a couple of hours of training at the academy now to understand the culture and the diversity opportunities that we serve. we have also developed training programs for the communities we serve in several aspects, not only talking about extremism. we have developed a young leadership program because we strongly believe and developing our youth and building new leadership within the community that we could all work with 20 years down the road. we have also increased the hiring from the diverse communities we serve. we have officers and deputies that serve from different ethnic
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backgrounds. we also are coordinating our efforts among law enforcement and we work closely with our local state, and federal partners. we work closely with the lapd fbi, u.s. attorneys office because we believe coordination is very important. when we address the communities, our message is consistent. it is very important for all of us to understand that no program would work without the proper outreach to the community. we have to communicate, talk and build relationships be for we start discussing cve. it is the foundation of any program. >> thank you.
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i would like to introduce. what gives you hope today and what gives you cause for concern. >> first of all, we have to remember -- thank you for giving me this opportunity, thank you to the white house, -- i think the ds for -- dias for -- they resisted integration, where is the muslin community here in the united states is very well integrated. also, we need to remember that 50%, almost 50% of the muslims have college degrees.
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that matters in a world where 1.5 billion muslims are illiterate. we have a different community here. in the u k, kids were bully name called. that's the kind of atmosphere i grew up in. in the united states, we are way ahead of the curve anti-bullying programs multicultural programs, and we have that. that gives me a lot of hope because imagine -- and i tan with my jewish colleagues, holocaust of ivers and we talk about how were different, yet were so alike -- that message resonates within people. i have hope that if we can build empathy and compassion into our curriculum, which already exists
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, we have great programs at school levels, we can train the teachers and get the schools to use, i think that's where we're going to have a glut of success. at the local level, muslim community in los angeles, we've done amazing things with law enforcement. we see them as our partners. before the cve started, we were working on efforts to empower women because we see women as our partners. the chief and i got together with muslim women and empower them and engage them in civic duty. we engage them in mainstream america, giving back to the community, service to the community. we teach them through the fbi civil rights. that is important in a world where we don't have equal rights in our religion.
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most and women have equal rights. -- muslim do have equal rights. we are giving them a form where they have a place to voice their opinions. also giving them an important way to counter the narrative. 2.5 million moslems -- muslims in the united states, we will muzzle the negative narrative. >> thank you. we have michael downing. your unit does engagement work in the muslim and non-muslim communities. can you talk about what type of relationship you unit has? also, how do we separate community engagement versus intelligence? >> thank you. good morning.
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our approach and philosophy that we begin with is that our constitution is our greatest shield, and our people, all of our people, are our greatest strength. i love bill braniff's idea about how cve it affects so many things. we recognize that community policing is a community policing. the community goes first. the interfaith community is our real strength. we have the jewish, christian, coptic immunities, the buddhist communities and so our outreach and engagement deals with all of those communities. i would say there is a little bit of heavier focus on the muslim because for so many years we did not really recognize that muslim committees existed. since 2008, we have come to learn more about the cultures
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and traditions. i think the other aspect is how islam expresses itself in los angeles is different than how it expresses itself in minneapolis new york, washington, d.c. we have to understand that our communities and they are communities, and be able to respond to that. in terms of our outreach to the interfaith, when we get jewish leaders, muslim leaders together we talk about the commonalities of what we have and how to create that sense of justice, that since a piece, how to bring access to government, how to raise the voice, and also this idea of integration. as opposed to assimilation. we don't want assimilation. we want the culture, the tradition, the faith, the language, the family structure. to appreciate those diversities
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is our real strength. i think that has been our success because the officers that opened the doors for us to do this come from those communities. we always say that we try to recruit and reflect the communities we serve as a law enforcement agency. so we have those officers. we have the coptic christian. we have the israeli born to. we have the muslim convert. we have the orion, farsi speaking female muslim. they can open the door and allow us opportunities to come in to build trust, build bridges, teach problem-solving and it's really not about national security in this wheelhouse. it is about how we improve the quality of your life. how do we make it so that your kids can go to school and learn and develop to their potential to they can play sports, play basketball go to dinners, so
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they can celebrate ramadan, so they can appreciate the high holy days of the jewish communities. i think that's the real strength of our program is that when we have this appreciation for what others have, their strengths and all of these faiths and all of these communities, and we really open it up for people to feel free to go to these festivals and different ideas, and then when law enforcement can step back a bit so it is not a secure relationship and encourage civic engagement, this is when communities take hold and their israel traction in terms of creating this environment which can resist crime which can resist recruiters, which can resist gangs recruiting and criminality. it's an all hazards thing. this is not just about countering violent extremism. it's about countering crime countering violence, countering
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violent extremism, and creating an environment where these things are harder to take root. >> thank you. the president of the muzzle affairs council. the council has been one of the organizations on the forefront of community led solutions. can you speak about why that should be a priority for you as an american was an organization. >> yes. thank you for inviting us to participate on this panel. violent extremism is a threat for muslims internally and externally. internally, there is it -- a struggle in the muslim about what islam is in its struggle with the rest of society. there is a cold of death that is being propagated by groups like al qaeda and isis, and there are governments that have an ideology of compulsion. we most loans -- muslims have
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the responsibility to set the record straight. islam is a the elegy of life for freedom. if we don't have freedom and justice in our religion, then we can call it religion. that is god's will. that is the internal threat that we are dealing with the external threat is that people are using islam to kill lives, to destroy to impose, to violate the rights of women, to kill christians and juice, -- jews. as muslimsa we have an opportunity, look for the opportunity to come with solutions, and so when we go to the los angeles sheriff's department lapd, fbi, dhs, it is our responsibility to engage to come up with solutions to these problems.
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you can complain about it. you can litigate or you can protest. at the end of the day, you have to come to the table to come up with solutions, and that's why dealing with this issue is important. perception is reality. the american public is afraid right now. there is history. even though we as american moslems are not responsible for the acts of violence in the name of our religion, we have to take responsibility and leadership. mike was talking about a securitize relationship, yes that's a problem. the only way to do with that is twofold. number one convert from trying programs to partnership programs. number two come with deliverables to the community. the community has many issues. so we need to work for civil liberties while we are working for security. let me just in by saying that
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america provides us with a great opportunity. abraham lincoln, when you reach the second inaugural address, he talks about the civil war and something that is posed -- impose on him. i think we go the same way today. this war is impose on us. rather than complaining about it or dismissing it, it's about engaging and taking leadership and coming up with solutions so that you can reframe, restore what religion is all about, love for god, love for country, and love for humanity. >> thank you. i'm getting signals that we are out of time. [applause] >> that's why had to get that in. >> i'm going to turn it over to the assistant director in los angeles. we get a lot of questions about what the fbi's role should be. i think it's important for it to be covered. address that as you put the bow
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on it. >> i will be quick. the working group the practicing together was very thoughtful and their processes. there was much discussion as to whether the fbi should be a part of this framework, should the enforcement aspect be a part of this, or is that we know that it is there. we believe it is for many reasons. part of those reasons we seen in the mental health field especially. the process before was a little clunky, where we would identify someone that we would begin to look at and realize that this person has severe mental health issues and we need to intervene with this person. we were having to go to apartment by department because the federal system was not well constructed to deal with a person like that. now we have a much more seamless approach between state to intervention and step three, interdiction. sometimes it will go from two to three, other times it will begin
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where we start an investigation and recognize that we need to get the mental health resources involved to really decriminalize the person and make sure we are intervening with this person because they could be a vehicle towards danger if they happened to meet up with the right group. that's why it's so important to have that seamless transition, and i'm going to stop, because i know were out of time. >> i'm going to seamlessly transition to our panel. how about that? [applause] the doctor is the president of the world organization for resource of element education, community-based approach to countering radicalization, partnership for america, right here in our backyard, come on up.
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>> i would just say a couple of words. i want to thank the amazing staff of the security council of giving me the honor of moderating this panel today. it's been a long time coming but it is an amazing opportunity to be with you all here today. and one of the suburbs of d.c. metro, we pioneered r montgomery model. as a community partnership with our police department, our chief is here. we are committed, faith leaders school counselors, police, social workers to promoting social cohesion and public safety. we have to have that as our premise in order to create the trust necessary to deal with the hard issues like ron extremism. by educating our diverse stakeholders, we create an early warning system that generates an understanding about the risks
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factors of radicalization and creates a mechanism whereby we can intervene. we have a formalized intervention program, and we have a rigorous system of assessment to make sure that we are having progress towards decreasing the risk factors. we've enjoyed sharing her program designs and best practices with the pilot cities as well as other cities across the united states, western europe, and look forward to working together to further our common goals. we are delighted to have a dozen distinct group of government officials who will share with us their experience and best practices in building intervention programs. our first guest will be the mayor of paris unelected in april 2014, she is the first female mayor of paris. i second-guess will be a belgian politician.
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third, we will have the secretary general a league of scholars in morocco. he has served many positions with the government of morocco including the director of islamic affairs. we have the director of the anti-defamation league center on extremism and the director of the research center. he trains law-enforcement officers, works closely with the tech industry, and publishes reports on a wide range of extremist topics. i will start with mayor hidalgo. except all our condolences for the loss and suffering of the french people. how is that change the city? . >> thank you. i would like to tell you, thank you for this invitation.
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thank you for your support. after the terrorist attack in paris, when we were all together we are all strong. now i speak in french. i am sorry. i think it is better for me and it is better for you. [laughter] [speaking in french] >> during those three horrible days in january, people were assassinated because they were journalists in paris because they work in a magazine, because they were police officers, and because they were jewish. >> [speaking in french]
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>> these violent acts illustrate the current rise of community-based violences within our society. unfortunately, the figures are speaking for themselves. in 2013, anti-semitic acts have been multiplied by two between 2013-2014 and likewise anti-muscle acts have increased by an order of 10%. >> [speaking in french] >> as a political leader, i ask myself what did we do to avoid
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that? what did we not do to prevent that? >> [speaking in french] >> this is a question that i ask myself because this is the same question that i'm asking to the entire society of the city of paris. >> [speaking in french] >> evidently, these attacks in january did not target exclusively parisians. >> [speaking in french] >> this is something that we witness quiet recently in copenhagen. >> [speaking in french] >> in fact, these attacks are attacking the foundations of our democracies. >> [speaking in french] >> there are differences between the united states and europe
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but i do believe that we are united around the basics, the fundamentals. >> [speaking in french] >> we share a same ideal, with stems from the century of enlightenment and the declaration of independence of the united states. >> [speaking in french] >> if we are here today it is because we understand the fact that it is not just enough to assert the values of freedom and equality. >> [speaking in french] >> facing these temptations and
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their modes of self disclosure we must propose a full-fledged project for society based on fraternity. >> [speaking in french] >> i myself am a child of immigration. >> [speaking in french] >> i was born in spain. my parents were working-class. they emigrated to france. >> [speaking in french] >> i've benefited from the french model of republican integration into the republic. >> [speaking in french] >> that allowed me to study. >> [speaking in french] >> and to stand today before you as the mayor of paris. >> [speaking in french] >> from my own personal history i draw one conviction. >> [speaking in french]
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>> to participate, to join in the joint common values of the french republic, one must also be proud of one's own origin. >> [speaking in french] >> everybody has to be respected. >> [speaking in french] >> within their origins. >> [speaking in french] of course, now the responses that we are providing in paris focus on the security of the citizens of paris. >> [speaking in french] >> after the attacks, places of worship are being protected, jewish places of worship are
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protected, but also catholic and most of places of worship are benefiting from extra protection. >> [speaking in french] >> the schools are also protected. >> [speaking in french] >> and now 2000 extra policeman and 6000 military personnel are present in paris. >> [speaking in french] >> i'll intelligence services are also working to fight against radicalization. >> [speaking in french] >> for example, we have established a system of prevention of religious radicalization. we have established a prevention that takes care of all notifications and alongside all
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the systems, we have established a toll-free hotline. >> [speaking in french] >> a nonprofit group associations have been requested to get in touch with the families and to deal with the schools to prevent this phenomenon of radicalization. >> [speaking in french] >> for example, we are proposing alternative measures when anti-semitic acts or anti-semitic statements are being proffered. for example, we have established an alternative program in conjunction with the holocaust museum.
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>> [speaking in french] >> the second response is that we must now promote a more inclusive city. >> [speaking in french] >> in this case, i inspired myself specifically from some examples that were used in some american cities, for example new york, and as for the purpose of renewing the french model of integration -- >> [speaking in french] >> regardless of one's beliefs or conventions, regardless of one's religion or one's origin everybody in paris must find a way to succeed at integration and fulfillment.
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>> [speaking in french] >> today in paris, we are signing a packed in order to reduce drastically poverty in the streets. >> [speaking in french] >> in paris, ambition is the direct opposition of these no go zones that have been fantasized by some people. >> [speaking in french] >> in fact, we have been investing in the working-class neighborhoods for 10 years. >> [speaking in french] >> we have been opening schools, health care centers social services, adding housing units. >> [speaking in french]
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>> we have also increased our partnership with the paris prison system in order to increase the follow-through of young people upon release from jail. >> [speaking in french] >> i also wanted to renew dialogue between all of the villages, communities, and all of the secular associations. >> [speaking in french] >> on march 12, i will convene all of these leaders at city hall in order to work together towards concrete proposals. >> [speaking in french] >> we must focus on the youth.
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>> [speaking in french] >> we must help young people find their own way, their own path in life as they leave school. >> [speaking in french]\ >> because, behind each pathway towards radicalization, prior to that is always some school failure. >> [speaking in french]\ >> that is why, following the pact, i propose that all schools in paris be opened on saturday mornings. to help children succeed in school. >> [speaking in french] >> from the american experience, i also see how important it is
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to have very strong citizen volunteer ship and engagement. >> [speaking in french] >> akin to community service in the united states. >> [speaking in french] >> dear friends, i do know that paris there is a very specific responsibility. >> [speaking in french] >> a very famous french playwright once said -- >> [speaking in french] >> "to be a parisian is not to have been born in paris, it is to have been reborn in paris." >> [speaking in french] >> many people have come to paris to be born a second time. paris is a city of opportunities.
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>> [speaking in french] >> it is a progressive and humanistic city. >> [speaking in french] >> i am fully aware of our very specific responsibility in facing this scourge that affects all of our democracies. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you very much. mayor, it is reported that more people from belgium have traveled to syria to fight than any other country in europe. what do you think about the root of that phenomenon? >> what have you established at the local level to address this problem?? >> good morning.
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let me begin by thanking you for the invitation. i tried to formulate an answer to the difficult questions. i will do it in three parts. i will tell you about my town and its problems. then i will be happy to share with you how the condition of radicalization and our approach to the problem. finally, i will try to offer some conclusions or consideration which i feel are relevant for all the cities. my town is a very nice small town. it is at the heart of europe. it is in a very prosperous region. it has 42,000 inhabitants.
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you can get to the center of brussels in 10 minutes. it takes one hour to get to paris. one hour and a half to get to london and amsterdam. you are really at the heart of europe. you can get everywhere and anywhere in the world. that explains something we talk about syrian fighters. belgium saw 380 fighters leaving for iraq and syria. 380 of the population of 10 million inhabitants. 101 have returned in the meantime. we are as good as sure that 50 have been killed there. as mayor, it is a hard thing to say, but 28 people of my city, mostly young people, mostly boys
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some girls, some miners also have gone to iraq and syria. we are sure that five of them have been killed already. eight have returned. two are now in prison. you have another 40 young people, including a number of under age girls, who are preparing to leave or who are marked as potential leavers. it is important to know that nobody has left for syria or iraq since summer of 2014. it became these numbers from my
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city. due to the limited size of our town and due to the fact that i myself no nearly -- know nearly every family confronted with radicalism. we have seen young people leave from virtually every secondary school in my city. or from every neighborhood. the first ones left the city at the end of 2012. usually, on the run from justice. first people leaving are actually people who had lots of confrontation with police but never went to jail. now they are on the head of the
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military's of isis. they are seen an awful pictures and they were successful in recruiting other young people from my city and from the region. they were very well organized to recruit by the internet, to recruit by facebook. that is the reason why a lot of young people from belgium followed to the first group which were the very hard-core militants of is. we have needed to be vigilant to make sure that young people do not get away from our democratic society. it made us a little laboratory.
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as we have seen it and heard the stories of the mothers sisters boyfriends girlfriends, we see that the radicalization process is together with the process of isolation. the young people have ideas forced upon them that this person has a special parts to play in history. he can become a real hero in the history of creation of the islamic state. that is the mission -- that is the message they are always receiving. the second component is isolation. isolation usually starts with
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the instruction to convert to islam. most of the people who have left the country had a problematic history with their families, with the mosque. there was consistent arguing between fathers and sons about what it was to be a good muslim in europe. they didn't frequently visit the mosque. it is thought that mostly the isolation process involves instruction to convert to islam. they are trying to get them to the point where people feel they have been chosen to take part in the fight in syria and iraq. both processes, indoctrination and isolation are taking place in a context in which the conflict in syria and iraq that
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has gone on for years due to the mass media. they are feeling the international community as a coward. they are not reacting firmly enough against the brutality of the war there. this process of indoctrination and isolation is much more successful among people with a weak position in society or who are struggling with their identity. minors also. these processes work best among people carrying lots of frustration from the past and to may have no chance of achieving anything in society where they
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grow up. you asked me what is the reaction of it. we tried to turn it around. we tried to reform the information and isolation process by a process of rebuilding social networks around the youngsters. we are trying to mobilize civil society. we are going to schools, we are trying to motivate schools and teachers. mosques and schools have to work together with the youngsters of my city and the public authorities to rebuild restore social networks around the young people so that they can feel that they are belonging to our society, that they get a future here, they get opportunities,.
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for young men, you always have to give them new opportunities. we have to restore, we have to motivate civil society to work together to restore that social network. the second thing is that instead of letting them be bombarded by messages, we have to inform them. we have to inform them what it is to be a real muslim. what it is to be muslim in our town. we need the help of people knowing the koran and knowing the religion. these two things are being brought together on the table. people who are important in the lives of the youngsters with people who are very acquainted with the real islamic values.
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that brings me to three short conclusions. the first is that we are facing a global problem but we have to act locally. we have to see that we can't win the war against radicalism and extreme violence in minorities only by bombing in syria and iraq. we also have to combat in our cities, the neighborhoods. we have to break down those who try to radicalize and recruit. that brings me to the second thing. on all political levels, we all have to stop the ostrich policy i see everywhere. there are countries in europe who say they don't have a problem.
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i see cities in my country which maybe are facing problems of radicalism also. they don't dare to talk about it. they don't dare to ask their society to become aware. that brings me to the third brief consideration i make. i promise to talk about it because radicalism grows where there are a lot of frustrations. the people i talk about do have a history of a lot of frustration. it is like an iceberg. you only see the top but it is much bigger under the water line. we have to work on these frustrations.
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that is social policy. that is labor market policy. that is syndication policy. we have to work on these huge frustrations under the water line. as anyone knows, you can only melt an iceberg with warmth. that is what our youth need. they need more warmth. [applause] dr., you do some very important work. can you describe how you believe your programs have encountered recruitment in radicalization? >> thank you. it is an honor to be here today.
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what is going on on the field is a tide of magma and frustrations in mind, psyches, in the internet fibers, so what we are witnessing is the tip of the iceberg. we are witnessing a mutation in the extremist discourse. it is offering a dream. a dream of dignity and unity. a dream of unity because the muslim world witnessed a clash
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in 1924. many countries in the muslim world felt like they were orphans. the majority of the countries felt orphaned. they were looking for a father. it is a sort of the nacchio -- panacea. in morocco, we were aware that this stream was being offered and we need to shape a political islamic theory that will respond to that. in history, you would see that this has happened in many countries. in morocco, that was the case. in 1979 in iran, this happened
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as well. the legitimacy is a question. this discourse needs to be deconstructed. this is what we have been trying to do in morocco. we have been true to literature. extremist literature. we have discovered some repetitive items, such as that while the west has been
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conspiring against the muslim world, the west has flaunted israel. we need to do what needs to be done ourselves. there have been colonialism. in colonialism, millions were killed. this needs to be addressed. they talk about humiliation, double standards, the fact that there is a cocktail of races. they will talk about ideology and the value system that is being challenged.
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we need to do summing about this. -- we need to do something about this. in the 60's, 70's, and 80's, religion was not addressed as it should have been. we have armies of officials religious officials in the muslim world. you have 280,000 officials being paid by public money. in morocco, you have 70,000. geneva has 35,000. those people need to be looked at again. this would require some work to
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reshape those people and enable them. they are already on the payroll. this is what they've been trained for. in morocco, we have been doing this. we have training twice a month for over 50,000 people. we are offering curricula that would make them aware of those challenges. we have been going through the sections after deconstructing the discourse. put yourself in the shoes and skin of an 18-year-old or 20-year-old guy, jobless, angry frustrated, and reading on the internet that someone will marry them to the most beautiful woman
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in the world. we need to offer alternative dreams. this work in the dreams arena is crucial. here comes the role of the various players. social structures, academia, universities, and so on. the fact that those traditional institutions need to be re-empowered is something that we have been working on. sections of perception, when we are talking to use, we need them to be the ones who are doing for themselves. they need actions to be theirs. that is why we have launched here education programs. -- peer education programs.
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they are working on video games that need to be appealing. they need to be colorful and joyful. we need to be aware of the fact that there has been a vacuum in the structures. like the extended family structures, this is a vacuum because extremism offers structure. we need to be aware that what is being offered in the arena of contact. we need to work through all dimensions to tackle this issue.
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that is what we have been trying to do in morocco so far. thank you. [applause] >> our panel is being cut short so we are running on a tight ship here. you study all kinds of violent extremism, especially as it relates to anti-semitism. can you talk about the resources you created to empower communities? >> i have about 140 characters or less. in the jewish community, the concept of violent extremism is not abstract. it is very real. at adl, we are trying to deal with mitigating the threat of violent extremism. we don't have the luxury to focus on one extremist movement over another. this discussion today and in the coming days it is imperative
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for us, based on our research and the trends we are seeing and based on the threat not just to the jewish community but to the entire american community, that we look not just that one community. file and extremism is not a muslim community problem. it is an american problem. -- violent extremism [applause] it is also a problem that is international. we are looking at ways to try to mitigate that threat. we have to find partners to help us do that. at adl, we found multiple partners. i still believe that effective countermeasures and counter narratives is through work with law enforcement. we heard about it on the panel today. and informed law enforcement entity, the more they know not just about the communities but about the actual threats, that
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is where adl steps in because of our research. if we take the threat of white supremacists and right-wing extremists and look at the amount of murders in this country in the past 10 years. 95% of murders against americans , including law enforcement have been caused at the hands of right-wing extremist. we have to remember that fact we are coming up with strategies. that does not mean that we can deal with these various different movements at the same time. while we have to recognize the diversity of the threats, we also have to recognize that each threat requires a unique set of remedies and strategies to combat them. dealing with a sovereign citizen movement, which is likely to become a competition with a law-enforcement officer, is a very different approach than with dealing with american
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citizens were motivated by radical interpretations of islam. we can't have the same remedies. we have to treat them separately. it is important to have a space to deal with isis and al qaeda, to discuss that. it is also important to have a space to deal with white supremacists. we can learn about their commonalities are. obviously, they all hate jews. when we are looking at the specific threats, we need to identify them for what they are. when we look at american citizens who are trying to join isis and al qaeda, what do we notice? these are people of diverse backgrounds, religion, races. perhaps they are responding to the call of radical violent extremism that is motivated by radical interpretation of islam.
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these people are not muslims themselves in many cases. we have to understand that a christian who converted to islam two days ago, the leave they are part of isis and al qaeda. to that make them part of the muslim community? the resources we put in to creating positive relationships with the muslim community is very important. we cannot forget all of those who are not within the muslim community that are responding to these threats as well. profiling in this sense does not work. the more we are educated about the actual people who are getting radicalized, the better we are going to be at finding remedies. i will conclude on this. in addition to law enforcement we found a very willing partner in terms of the technology industry as a whole. i have read a lot about criticism, why don't we just have facebook and twitter and youtube remove all of this stuff so people won't have access to it and they won't get

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